arrowHOMEBSA Handbooks & Handbook CoversBoy Scout Handbook—12th Edition

The Boy Scout Handbook, 1910-Today (continued)

12th Edition—Boy Scout Handbook (2009-2015; scheduled to be replaced in January, 2016)

Cover art is the large word "Scout" with a photo of Scouts white-water rafting above, and a photo of a juvenile bald eagle's head and US flag below. Back cover has a reproduction of Joseph Csatari's 1976 "All Out for Scouting" painting and a photo of a Scout on a zip line. The large word "Scout" on the cover is done in an unattractive font irregularly splotched with dozens of little colored dots. Similar dots are all over the covers and on many pages of the Handbook; the dots are distracting and make those pages look busier than they already are.
12th Edition, back cover 12th Edition Cover 12th Edition Cover, Spanish version

This is the third Boy Scout Handbook written by Robert Birkby (former director of conservation at Philmont Scout Ranch). It updates and continues the trends in his previous two Handbooks. It includes the usual "Parent's Guide" insert on how to protect children from child abuse (below right). I've noticed over the years that these inserts are rarely removed from the Handbook, which would imply that most parents don't read them. The first printing comes cellophane-wrapped, and includes a very colorful 24-page history of the Boy Scout Handbook (below left). In addition, pages 4 and 5 of the Handbook have a briefer history of the Handbook.
Boy Scout Handbook Centennial Timeline 12th Edition Parents Guide insert

BSA makes a big deal that this is their "First Green Handbook", not just 100% recycled paper, but chlorine-free manufacture, chain-of-custody tracking from "well-managed and controlled sources", down to the use of biogas in the paper manufacturing process.

BSA also states that the 12th Edition "is a tribute to 100 years of the Boy Scout Handbook", filling it with quotes and artwork from previous Handbook editions. While this 'takes me back' as an adult who has lived through some of this history, I'm not sure how interesting today's 11-year-old Scouts will find such history trivia.

The book is colorful, and filled with action pictures. It projects to readers that Scouting is an adventure, making the book a resource for adventure rather than just an advancement manual. It puts the ideals right up front, starting with a full chapter on Leadership. This is the first Handbook to have its own website (www.bsahandbook.org), which is referenced repeatedly at the bottom of dozens of pages. You can also download the Handbook as an iPhone app.

This is the first Handbook to discuss geocaching and the food pyramid, and it adds an unusual new knot—how to tie a necktie. It also introduces the 'EDGE' method of teaching skills (Explain, Demonstrate, Guide, Enable), and adds EDGE to the advancement requirements for Tenderfoot and Life ranks.

The title page is a reproduction of the first page of the color insert found in the first printing of the 4th Edition (1940) with a 'BSA2010' logo added. This even includes the misleading '3 Duties' (duty to God, duty to self, duty to country) at the bottom of the page [the correct 3 duties, represented by the three fingers of the Scout sign, are duty to God and country, duty to others, duty to self].

The Handbook reduces the number of main sections (with color-coded pages) to three: Scoutcraft (5 chapters), Woodcraft (2 chapters), and Campcraft (5 chapters). This harks back to the first three chapters of the 1st Edition (a deliberate choice by author Birkby). Leave No Trace fills an entire chapter, and is more strongly emphasized in advancement and leadership (including a new Scout leadership office called Leave No Trace Trainer). The Handbook also adds a second new leadership office, troop webmaster.

The book explains how to retire a worn-out flag, and why US Army uniforms display the flag on the sleeve reversed from the way it's on the Scout uniform sleeve. The book states that "one nation under God" in the pledge of allegiance should be said without a pause.

The typeface is much smaller than previous editions, and the stylistic smudges/dots on most pages make reading more difficult.

Uniform—The 12th Edition continues a disturbing trend of de-emphasizing the full uniform (often called 'Class A' uniform), encouraging the wear of what many troops call the 'Class B' uniform [BSA hates those terms, by the way—although readily understood by any Scout or parent, BSA apparently feels they are too militaristic; though they are allowing a T-shirt company called 'ClassB' to advertise in their magazines]. Indeed, this Handbook states (on page 33) that the full uniform is primarily for indoor wear!—"Proudly wear your uniform to troop meetings, ceremonies such as courts of honor, and most other indoor troop functions. When you're headed outdoors, you can pull on a T-shirt with Scout pants or shorts, or wear other clothing that is right for the events of the day." [ironic, considering that BSA used to call this the "field uniform"!] If you have any doubts about the trend, the 2012 updated official BSA "Guide to Awards and Insignia", on the first page under 'Official Policy', replaces this statement from previous editions ("The uniform encourages them [Cub Scouts, Scouts, etc] to take Scouting seriously because of the investment in uniforms by parents of youths and by adults.") with this one: "While wearing the uniform is not mandatory, it is highly encouraged."

A number of errata would seem to indicate a little too much rushing to get this book published. For example, the first line of the history on page 4 gives 1899 as the year of the Brownsea Island camp (it was actually 1907). Since the siege of Mafeking was in 1899-1900, it looks like a line or two perhaps got omitted. On the inside back cover, the Patrol Leader badge is missing a bar (should have two bars, not one). And although BSA modified their uniforms a year before this Handbook was released, the sewing template on the inside back cover shows the old-style uniform (badges on the left sleeve are in different positions on the new uniform). The most recent printing managed to update the Centennial Quality Unit Award to the 2012 Journey to Excellence Award on the inside back cover, but didn't correct the Patrol Leader emblem right next to it. Perhaps BSA should copy the inside back cover from the 2009 first printing of the Spanish-language version of the handbook—which shows the new uniform style and the correct Patrol Leader badge with two bars.

This handbook is available with either a perfect (glue) binding or spiral-bound, which allows the book to be opened flat and increases the likelihood that pages won't be lost. The BSA also has released a Spanish translation of the complete handbook.


12th Edition Summary and Printing History

Grand Total for all 12 Handbook Editions


Actual 12th Edition Table of Contents

Introduction
Your Adventure Begins

Scoutcraft
1. Leadership
2. Citizenship
3. Fitness
4. First Aid
5. Aquatics

Woodcraft
6. Nature
7. Leave No Trace

Campcraft
8. Hiking
9. Camping
10. Cooking
11. Navigation
12. Tools

Your Adventure Continues
Rank Requirements
Acknowledgments
Index

Continued Back to Start